Subject-Verb Agreement

Rule (ketentuan) yang paling penting dalam bahasa Inggris adalah bahwa antara subject dengan verb harus in agreement. Artinya, jika subject-nya singular maka verb-nya juga harus singular. Sebaliknya, jika subject-nya plural maka verb-nya juga harus plural.
Contoh : -present continuous (singular)
Sam are going to go to the zoo tomorrow (salah) are = plural
Sam is going to go to the zoo tomorrow (benar)
-simple present (singular)
Ani live in Jakarta (salah) ga pake +s = plural
Ani lives in Jakarta (benar)
Penjelasan :
Pada contoh pertama, are tidak sesuai dengan subjek Sam karena are hanya dapat digunakan terhadap orang kedua (you) atau orang ketiga jamak.
Pada contoh kedua, live tidak bisa digunakan karena orang ketiga tunggal pada simple present tense harus diberi imbuhan –s menjadi lives.

1. Singular subject – singular verb
Yang dimaksud dengan singular subject adalah subject pronoun he, she, dan it, atau nouns yang dapat digantikan dengan he, she atau it; Sedangkan yang dimaksud dengan singular verbs adalah verb1+es/s, is/was, serta verb phrase seperti: is/was + verb-ing/verb3, has +verb3, has been verb-ing dan has been verb3.

Singular subject
Singular verb
Tenses
1
He/She/it
verb1 + es/s
simple present
2
He/She/it
is + verb-ing
present continuous
3
He/She/it
was + verb-ing
past continuous
4
He/She/it
Has/have + verb3
present perfect
5
He/She/it
has + been + verb-ing
present perfect continuous
6
He/She/it
Is/are going to + verb1
simple future
7
He/She/It
Is/are going to + be verb-ing
future continuous
8
He/She/it
Was/would + verb1
past future
9
He/She/It
Was/would + be verb-ing
past future continuous

Contoh :
1 . She lives in a small house (+) (-)I She doesn’t live in a small house
2 . She is working on that task (+) (-)She is not working on that task
3 . You were studying when she called (+) (-)You were not studying when she called
4 . I have seen that movie twenty times (-)I have not seen that movie twenty times
5 . We have been waiting here for over two hours(+) (-)We have not been waiting here for over two hours
6 . You are going to meet Jane tonight (+) (-)You are not going to meet Jane tonight
7 . You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight (-)You are not going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight
8 . He would cross the street this morning (+) (-)He would not cross the street this morning
9 . You would be smiling if you knew the truth (+) (-)You wouldn’t be smiling if you knew the truth

Jika kalimatnya tidak menggunakan verb, kita gunakan to be :

Singular subject
Singular verb
Tenses
10
He/She/it
is
simple present
11
He/She/it
is + being
present continuous
12
He/She/it
was
simple past
13
He/She/it
was + being
past continuous
14
He/She/It
has been
present perfect
10
He/She/it
has + been + being
present perfect continuous
16
He/She/it
is going to + be
simple future
17
He/She/it
is going to + be being
future continuous
18
He/She/it
was going to + be
past future
19
He/She/it
was going to + be being
past future continuous

2. Plural subject – plural verb
Yang dimaksud dengan plural subject adalah subject pronouns seperti I, we, you, they, dan semua plural nouns. Sedangkan yang dimaksud dengan plural verbs adalah verbs dan verb phrase selain singular verbs di atas.
Pola-pola plural subject-plural verb disajikan pada tabel berikut:

Plural subject
Plural verb
Tense
1
I/we/you/they
verb1
simple present
2
I/we/you/they
am/are + verb-ing
present continuous
3
I/we/you/they
was/were + verb-ing
past continuous
4
I/we/you/they
have+ verb3
present perfect
5
I/we/you/they
have + been + verb-ing
present perfect continuous
6
I/we/you/they
am/are going to + verb1
simple future
7
I/we/you/they
am/are going to + be verb-ing
future continuous
8
I/we/you/they
was/were going to + verb1
past future
9
I/we/you/they
was/were going to + be verb-ing
past future continuous

Jika kalimatnya tidak menggunakan verb (kalimat nominal), maka digunakan to be :

Plural subject
Plural verb
Tense
10
I/we/you/they
am/are
simple present
11
I/we/you/they
am/are + being
present continuous
12
I/we/you/they
was/were
simple past
13
I/we/you/they
was/were + being
past continuous
14
I/we/you/they
have been
present perfect
10
I/we/you/they
have + been + being
present perfect continuous
16
I/we/you/they
am/are going to + be
simple future
17
I/we/you/they
am/are going to + be being
future continuous
18
I/we/you/they
was/were going to + be
past future
19
I/we/you/they
was/were going to + be being
past future continuous
Contoh:

Singular subject-singular verb
Plural subject-plural verb
1
She dances
They dance
2
She is dancing
They are dancing
3
She was dancing
They were dancing
4
She has danced
They have danced
5
She has been dancing
They have been dancing
6
She is going to dance
They are going to dance
7
She is going to be dancing
They are going to be dancing
8
She was going to dance
They were going to dance
9
She was going to be dancing
They were going to be dancing
10
She is nice to me.
They are nice to me.
11
She is being nice to me.
They are being nice to me.
12
She was nice to me.
They were nice to me.
13
She was being nice to me.
They were being nice to me.
14
She has been nice to me.
They have been nice to me.
10
She has been being nice to me.
They have been being nice to me.
16
She is going to be nice to me.
They are going to be nice to me.
17
She is going to be being nice to me.
They are going to be being nice to me.
18
She was going to be nice to me.
They were going to be nice to me.
19
She was going to be being nice to me.
They were going to be being nice to me.

link : http://andrianguruh.blogspot.com/2012/01/subject-verb-agreement.html

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